Work on peace and its development during the 2000s, drawing on peace and state building examples from around the world, now looks rather dated. Such work concluded with some thoughts on the potential of hybrid peace. It mainly worked within the liberal church, in effect, querying the fit of liberalism contra different conflict-affected contexts. It was nevertheless trying to push beyond the disciplinary borders of political liberalism and neoliberalism. Influenced by readings of critical and Marxist influenced debates in IR, it looked at issues of resistance, legitimacy, agency, against a putative ideal state that peacebuilding appeared to propose. It is now necessary to consider the implications of such work in the context of new conditions in the 21st Century, which affect the liberal-democratic, capitalist, and rights model of peacebuilding and statebuilding, in the light of new mobilities, new technologies, and new actors.
Oliver Richmond is Professor of International Relations, Peace & Conflict Studies at the University of Manchester. Professor Richmond is also a fellow of the Royal Society, International Professor at the School of Global Studies, Kyung Hee University, Korea, and Visiting Professor at the Centre for Peace Studies, University of Tromso, Norway. Professor Richmond has long been interested in how critical approaches to international theory impact upon debates about conflict and peace, as well as in concepts of peace and their implicit usages in IR theory and the practices of the international system. He edits a Palgrave Book Series, Rethinking Peace and Conflict Studies, is co-editor of the journal Peacebuilding and is a member of the editorial board of the Review of International Studies and International Peacekeeping, among others. Professor Richmond has received several major grants, including from the Leverhulme Trust, EU, British Academy, UNU, and the Carnegie and Nuffield Trusts. He has been involved in fieldwork in parts of Asia, the South Pacific, Africa, the Balkans, and Central America, as well as within key institutions involved in post-conflict peacebuilding and development. He has been a visiting professor at universities around the world and has advised or been consulted by a number of international donors and NGOs.
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