Date & time
The British Indian Army was one of the pillars of the empire. Without it, Britain's war effort of 1939-45 would have been impossible. In his book, Phoenix from the Ashes, Daniel Marston examined how that army rebounded from defeat in Malaya and Burma in 1941-42 to triumphant success in 1945. Building on his previous work, this seminar will consider the turbulent end of the Raj and the division of its army between the successor states of India and Pakistan. This period has been frequently written about in terms of politics and personalities, but this new work will seek to answer a crucial, but never before asked question: why did the Indian Army, under stresses as powerful as any army in modern history has experienced, not disintegrate, throwing the subcontinent into total chaos?